“Organizing, Visualizing, and Describing Data” is a Level I reading in the CFA Program. It covers the following learning outcomes.

a. Identify and compare data types;

b. Describe how data are organized for quantitative analysis;

c. Interpret frequency and related distributions;

d. Interpret a contingency table;

e. Describe ways that data may be visualized and evaluate uses of

specific visualizations;

f. Describe how to select among visualization types;

g. Calculate and interpret measures of central tendency;

h. Select among alternative definitions of mean to address an

investment problem;

i. Calculate quantiles and interpret related visualizations;

j. Calculate and interpret measures of dispersion;

k. Calculate and interpret target downside deviation;

l. Interpret skewness;

m. Interpret kurtosis;

n. Interpret correlation between two variables.